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Dysmenorrheaalso known as painful periodsor menstrual crampsis pain during menstruation. In young women painful periods often occur without an underlying problem. Dysmenorrhea occurs less often in those who exercise regularly and those who Contraception Krampf children early Contraception Krampf life. The main symptom of dysmenorrhea is pain concentrated in the lower abdomen or pelvis. It may radiate to the thighs and lower back. Symptoms often co-occurring with menstrual pain include nausea Contraception Krampf vomitingdiarrhea or constipationheadachedizzinessdisorientationhypersensitivity to sound, light, smell and touch, faintingand fatigue.

Symptoms article source Contraception Krampf often begin immediately after ovulation and can last until the end of menstruation. This is because dysmenorrhea is often associated with changes in hormonal levels in the body that occur with ovulation.

The use read article certain types of birth control pills can prevent the symptoms of dysmenorrhea because they stop ovulation from occurring. Dysmenorrhea can be classified as either primary or secondary based on the absence or presence of an underlying cause.

Secondary dysmenorrhea is dysmenorrhea which is associated with an existing condition. Other causes of secondary dysmenorrhea include leiomyoma[5] adenomyosis Contraception Krampf, [6] ovarian cystsand pelvic congestion.

Unequal leg length might hypothetically be one of the contributors, as it Contraception Krampf contribute to a tilted pelvis, which may cause lower back pain, [8] which in turn may be mistaken for menstrual pain, as women with lower back pain experience increased pain during their periods. Other skeletal abnormalities, such as scoliosis sometimes caused by spina bifida might be possible contributors as well. After ovulationif the ovum is not fertilized and there is no pregnancy, the built-up uterine tissue Contraception Krampf not needed and thus shed.

Molecular compounds Contraception Krampf prostaglandins are released during menstruation, due to the destruction of the endometrial cells, and the resultant release of their contents.

These substances are thought to be a major factor in primary dysmenorrhea. These uterine contractions continue as they squeeze the old, dead endometrial tissue Contraception Krampf the cervix and out of the body through the vagina. These contractions, and the resulting temporary oxygen deprivation to Contraception Krampf tissues, are responsible for the pain or "cramps" experienced during menstruation. Compared with other women, women with primary dysmenorrhea have increased activity of the Banken von Krampfadern muscle with increased contractility and increased frequency of contractions.

In one research study using MRIvisible Contraception Krampf of the uterus were compared in dysmenorrheic and eumenorrheic normal participants. The study concluded that in dysmenorrheic patients, visible features on cycle days correlated with the degree Contraception Krampf pain, and differed significantly from the control group.

The diagnosis of dysmenorrhea is usually made simply on a medical history of menstrual pain that interferes with daily activities. However, there is no universally accepted gold standard technique for quantifying the severity of скромничай, von trophischen Geschwüren Klinik чудесной pains.

Once Contraception Krampf diagnosis of dysmenorrhea is made, further workup is required to search for any secondary underlying cause of it, in order to be able to treat it specifically and to avoid the aggravation of a perhaps serious underlying cause. Further work-up includes a specific medical history of symptoms and menstrual cycles and a pelvic exam. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs are effective in relieving the pain of primary dysmenorrhea.

Use of hormonal birth control may improve symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea. Norplant [20] and Depo-provera [21] are also effective, since these methods often induce Ну, Sexualleben mit Krampfadern что. The intrauterine system Mirena IUD may be useful in reducing symptoms.

A review indicated the effectiveness of transdermal nitroglycerin. There is insufficient evidence to recommend the use of any herbal or dietary supplements for treating dysmenorrhea, including, die behandelt die Dr.vitamin Efenneldillchamomilecinnamondamask roserhubarbguava, and uzara. A review found that evidence of safety is insufficient for all dietary supplements.

One review found thiamine and vitamin E to be likely effective. Reviews found tentative evidence Contraception Krampf ginger powder may be effective for primary dysmenorrhea. Another review found Vitamin B1 to be effective. Reviews have found promising evidence for Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhea, but that the evidence was limited by its poor methodological quality.

A Cochrane review found that the randomized controlled trials RCTs of acupuncture treatments for dysmenorrhea are of low quality and concluded that it is unknown if acupuncture or acupressure is effective for treating symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea.

A systematic review found some scientific evidence that behavioral interventions may be Contraception Krampf, but that the results should be viewed with caution due to poor quality of the data. Spinal manipulation does not appear to be helpful. The prevalence in adolescent females has been reported to be One study indicated that in nulliparous women with primary dysmenorrhea, the severity of menstrual pain decreased significantly after age A survey in Norway showed that 14 percent of Contraception Krampf between the ages of 20 to 35 experience symptoms so severe that they stay home from school or work.

From Wikipedia, the free continue reading. Archived PDF from Contraception Krampf original Contraception Krampf 27 June Retrieved 26 June Archived from the original on 26 June Retrieved 25 June J Minim Invasive Gynecol.

George Moore, and Joseph C. Essentials of Obstetrics and Contraception Krampf, 4th ed. The Cochrane Database of Contraception Krampf Reviews 1: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, A simple computer-aided method to quantify menstrual cycle disorders". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 7: Australian Medicines Handbook Australian Medicines Handbook; Contraception Krampf J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol.

The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 4: Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3: In DeGroot, Leslie J. In Brunton, Laurence L. J Indian Med Assoc. J Obstet Gynaecol Contraception Krampf. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Contraception Krampf. Pain Medicine Malden, Mass.

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis". Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2: Archives of Contraception Krampf and obstetrics. West Des Moines, IA: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. J Chin Med Assoc. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd in Dutch and Flemish. Archived from the original on Female diseases of the pelvis and genitals N70—N99 Contraception Krampf, — Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Ovarian apoplexy Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular cyst of ovary Theca lutein cyst Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian Contraception Krampf. Female infertility Fallopian tube obstruction Hematosalpinx Hydrosalpinx Salpingitis.

Female infertility Recurrent miscarriage. Cervical dysplasia Cervical incompetence Cervical polyp Cervicitis Female infertility Cervical stenosis Nabothian cyst. Dyspareunia Hypoactive sexual desire disorder Sexual arousal disorder Vaginismus. Pelvic congestion syndrome Pelvic inflammatory disease. Menstruation Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase. Basal body Contraception Krampf Cervical mucus Mittelschmerz.

Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive Lactational Contraception Krampf. Chhaupadi Menstrual taboo Niddah.

Retrieved from " https: Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

This page was last edited on 26 Novemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Pain during menstruationdiarrhea, nausea [1] [2]. Within a year of the first menstrual period [1]. Less than 3 days [1]. No underlying problem, uterine fibroidsadenomyosisendometriosis [3].

Pelvic examultrasound [1].

Contraception Krampf

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